Thrombosis is the root cause of fatal cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, such as cerebral infarction and myocardial infarction, which seriously threatens human health and life. Therefore, for thrombosis, it is the key to achieve "prevention before disease". Prevention of thrombosis mainly includes adjustment of lifestyle and drug prevention.
1.Adjust your lifestyle:
First,Reasonable diet, light diet
Advocate a light, low-fat and low-salt diet for middle-aged and elderly people, and eat more lean meat, fish, shrimp and other foods rich in unsaturated fatty acids in daily life.
Second, exercise more, drink more water, reduce blood viscosity
Exercise can effectively promote blood circulation and prevent blood clots. Drinking plenty of water can also reduce blood viscosity, which is the easiest way to prevent blood clots. People who travel by plane, train, car and other long-distance transportation for a long time must pay attention to moving their legs more during the journey and avoid maintaining one posture for a long time. For occupations that require long-term standing, such as flight attendants, it is recommended to wear elastic stockings to protect the blood vessels of the lower extremities .
Third, Quit smoking, smoking will damage vascular endothelial cells.
Fourth, maintain a good mood, ensure a good work and rest, and improve the body's immunity
Ensure adequate sleep every day: Maintaining a positive and optimistic attitude towards life and a happy mood is very important for preventing various diseases.
In addition, as the seasons change, increase or decrease clothing in time. In cold winter, the elderly are prone to spasm of cerebral blood vessels, which may induce thrombus shedding and cause cerebral thrombosis symptoms. Therefore, keeping warm in winter is very important for the elderly, especially those with high risk factors.
2. Drug prevention:
people at high risk of thrombosis can rationally use antiplatelet drugs and anticoagulant drugs after consulting a specialist.
Active thromboprophylaxis is crucial, especially for people at high risk of thrombosis. It is recommended that high-risk groups of thrombosis, such as some middle-aged and elderly people or those who have undergone surgical operations, high-risk groups of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, go to the hospital thrombosis and anticoagulation clinic or cardiovascular specialist for abnormal screening of blood clotting factors related to blood clots, and regular clinical tests for the presence of blood clots Formation, if there is a disease situation, it is necessary to take measures as soon as possible.